Spring is here, flowers are near, bees are dancing around the garden.

The honey bee has been around for millions of years.  Honey bees, scientifically also known as Apis Mellifera, which mean “honey-carrying bee” are environmentally friendly and are vital as pollinators.

The scent of the flowers draw the bees to them. These bees stick their hairy legs into the flower bed full of pollens and their straw- like tongue into the nectar pool to take in flower nectar. It’s wonderful to see the bees fly back to their hives with a stomach full of flower nectar and two full bags of pollen collected at their back legs.

There are 3 types of bees – – Drone Bee, Worker Bee, and Queen Bee.


Drone Bee
A Drone is male bee that is product of an unfertilized egg.  Unlike the female worker bee, drones do no have stingers and do not participate in nectar and pollen gathering.  A Drone’s primary role is to mate with a fertile queen and die straight after mating.  Not all the drones have a chance to mate with the Queen Bee and they will be kicked out of the colony so as not to drain resources.


Worker Bee  (Non- Producing Female)
Like the queen, workers bees are all female. They are smaller in size and its average lifespan is 2 – 3 months.

In the first 2 weeks of the Worker Bee’s life, they are in the housekeeping stage. Their jobs are to clean up the hive, mending holes in the honey comb with propolis and bee wax, making honey with the help of the collector bees and also to feed the Queen Bee mouth to mouth with Royal Jelly. Royal Jelly can only be produced by the Worker Bee within the first 10 days after they are born at the back of their membrane.
After 2 weeks, the bees will proceed to the Collector stage. The bees will fly to collect flower nectar and pollen and  deposit them to the honey combs.

After another 2 weeks, the bees stepped into their old age. They are very experience bees but they are too old to do much flying thus they will be stationed at the entrance of the hive to guard the hive from other insects or bees from other colony to enter to harm their colony or snatch their food.


Queen Bee  (Egg-Producer)
The Queens are developed from larvae selected by workers bees and specially fed with Royal Jelly in order to become sexually mature. There is only one Queen Bee in each hive and it have an average lifespan of 7 years.

The main job of the Queen Bee is to lay eggs. It can lay up to 1500 fertilized eggs daily. These eggs are laid in the clean empty pockets in the honey comb. However, once the sperms are used up, the worker bees will stop feeding her with Royal Jelly and allow her to starve to death. At this moment, these worker bees will start to feed bee larvae  with Royal Jelly and let it develop into Queen Bees.